Islamabad, 2 May 2018: In a roundtable hosted by Media Matters for Democracy (MMfD), Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists (PFUJ) and the National Press Club (NPC), participants adopted a declaration reaffirming their resolve to uphold the freedom of media and expression in Pakistan and ensure the safety of Pakistani journalists.
The roundtable discussion was held on Wednesday at the National Press Club to commemorate the 2018 World Press Freedom Day.
Participants, who included journalists and civil society representatives, pledged their support to the 10-point ‘Islamabad Declaration’. Political leaders representing the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), the Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf (PTI), and Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP) also supported the declaration on behalf of their parties.
The declaration condemned all incidents of covert and overt threats, intimidation, harassment and violence against journalists. It also condemned the crackdown on the digital expression of journalists and political workers through direct and indirect means and calls for reforms in the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act 2016, and the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority.
The impunity in cases of violence against journalists and arbitrary censorship of media were also condemned in the statement.
The discussion participants also affirmed their commitment to establishing a secure digital environment for the free expression of journalists, political workers, activists, and citizens.
All political leaders, who attended the discussion, supported press freedom but also called for responsible reporting and accountability for fake news.
PPP Secretary-General Nayyar Bukhari said his party supports the Islamabad Declaration on press freedom and journalist safety.
“A democracy cannot function without a free press,” Mr. Bokhari said. “Media (freedoms) are essential to the creation of public opinion.”
However, Mr. Bokhari said there is also a great responsibility on the press to report with accuracy and integrity. He said the journalists should be held accountable for their reporting just as politicians should be held accountable for their conduct.
Former Senator Farhatullah Babar of the PPP said in recent years a new threat has emerged against Pakistani journalists.
“This new threat is from invisible actors,” Mr. Babar said. “This is more potent and dangerous than any other threat to journalists, even more than threats from state and non-state actors.”
He said the journalism community’s suggestions have been included in a draft bill on journalist safety and journalists should push the government for passage of the bill. Mr. Babar said the state should realise the dangers posed by the suppression of dissent and move to resolve the grievances of its citizens.
PTI Information Secretary Fayyazul Hassan Chohan said perhaps no one could disagree with the Islamabad Declaration. He said his party completely supports the freedom of expression and freedom of the press.
“There should be no compromise on the respect and dignity of the press,” Mr. Chohan said. “We 100% support that there should be no pressure, political or otherwise, on the respect, dignity and journalistic identity of Pakistani journalists.”
But Mr. Chohan also said journalists should consider the national interest in the pursuit of their professional duties.
Dr. Fauzia Hameed of the PSP said respect for free speech is important tothe development of democratic attitudes in society.
“If someone disagrees with your opinion, it should not mean that you silence their speech,” Dr. Hameed said. “If you cannot respect opinions, then that is contrary to the spirit of democracy.”
Journalists present at the discussion raised concerns about restrictions on reporting, the threat of physical violence to journalists from political party workers and non-state actors, and the lack of tolerance for unsympathetic and offensive speech among political leaders. They said the Pakistani media are not free and urged the journalist unions to unite in their protest against curbs on the media levelled by state and non-state actors.
Speaking on the occasion, President PFUJ said not even 10% news media are not free. He said journalists were facing unprecedented threats in reporting accurately and truthfully. Mr. Butt said the journalistic community should collectively think about the future of independent journalism in the country.
President Rawalpindi-Islamabad Union of Journalists, Mubarak Zeb Khan said impunity in crimes against Pakistani journalists is a serious issue. He shared statistics with the participants that showed only five journalist murders out of 86 resulted in convictions for the perpetrators. Mr. Khan said some of the murders were committed during the tenures of political governments, which shows journalists are vulnerable even under democratic rule.
Executive Director MMfD Asad Baig said the World Press Freedom Day calls attention to the contemporary challenges to press freedom in Pakistan. He said the 2018 international day is especially significant given it is the election year in Pakistan.
“Elections are just around the corner,” Mr. Baig said. “Our goal is to reaffirm that the media is free to report on political activities before and after the elections.”
2nd May 218
Islamabad Declaration on
Freedom of Media and Expression, and the Rights of the Journalists
We, the participants of stakeholder meeting on press freedoms, on the eve of World Press Freedom Day 2018, compelled by our relative responsibilities towards Pakistani journalists, guided by the commitments made to the United Nations, through the adoption of UN Action Plan on Safety of Journalists, mindful that the right to freedom of opinion and expression is a human right guaranteed to all, in accordance with Article 19 of the constitution of Pakistan and Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, understanding that it constitutes one of the essential foundations of a democratic society and one of the basic conditions for its progress and development, reaffirming the importance of creating a conducive mechanism for the practice of constitutional right to freedom of expression, recognising the state obligation under Sustainable Development Goals to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, including by ensuring public access to information and protecting fundamental freedoms, recognising that the work of journalists has continued to threaten their physical and digital safety in Pakistan, expressing concern at the escalation in violence against journalists ahead of general elections 2018, expression deep concern at the growing number of threats against journalistic and political expression in digital spaces and recognising the critical role of a free press in Pakistan at this particular juncture;
- Condemn all incidents of covert or overt threats, intimidation, harassment and violence against journalists.
- Condemn the crackdown on digital expression of journalists and political workers through direct and indirect means
- Also condemn the actions of arbitrary censorship through regulatory channels or through coercive mechanisms
- Strongly condemn the prevailing impunity in cases of violence against journalists
- Reaffirm our commitment to the cause of media and press freedoms in Pakistan
- Reaffirm our commitment to work towards ensuring progressive media regulation by bringing about necessary changes in all related laws including the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (Amendments) Act, 2009
- Express our commitment to work towards the establishment of a secure digital environment wherein journalists, political workers, activists and other netizens are free and able to express their political and ideological opinions without the fear of having to face arbitrary crackdowns, censorship or other forms of coercive mechanisms
- Express our commitment to continue advocating for the review Pakistan Electronic Crime Act 2016, for identification of sections that are detrimental to press and media freedoms and commit to work towards pushing for appropriate amendments in the law
- Commit to using our influence within and beyond our own communities to push for transparency about the status of investigations into attacks and violence against journalists
- Call upon the government for the development of an effective strategy to fight impunity in cases of violence against journalists, including but not limited to
- Enacting and implementing an effective journalist safety law that addresses the key challenge of investigations
- Recognising digital threats against journalists as a liable crime against press freedoms in Pakistan
- Making public the investigation reports in high profile cases including the Hamid Mir Commission Report.